The introduction of electromagnetic recording brought with it the need for recording directors who not only knew their way around all the intricacies of acoustics and the recording process but also were a musical match for professional performers.
Erich Thienhaus founded the Tonmeister Institute (today the Erich Thienhaus Institute) at the Detmold Music Academy after World War II and set up a course of study for a degree program in Tonmeistering.
The training at the institute includes mathematics and physics courses, acoustics, electronics, and practical training as well as a complete study of music focusing on instrumental training, ear training, composition, music history, score reading, and music recordings. The tasks of the Tonmeister involve the
1) setting up of the microphones and the balance setting on the mixer,
2) musical direction of the recording on the basis of the score, and
3) musical editing to produce a finished master tape.
In smaller firms these tasks are often performed by one person, but in radio productions there is a division of labor. Here the sound engineer's place is at the control panel, the Tonmeister is at the producer's desk with the score, and the sound technician, who is responsible for the operation of the machines, functions as an assistant.
The following training programs in this field are available in Germany:
Diplom-TonmeisterBerlin, Detmold
Sound EngineerDüsseldorf
Sound TechnicianNuremberg
in Europe:Surrey (GB), Paris (F), Warschau (PL)

[The way to the Classical-CD]